How to Lay Block Paving

concrete paving

Brick paving or block paving is used for constructing driveways, patios, pavements, and more. It is commonly used because of its ease of installation, decorative aesthetic, and the fact that they allow easy remedial work by replacing and removing those that are not necessary. The process can be used to achieve various laying patterns, the most being herringbone pattern thanks to the interlocking strength.

You should note that block paving is quite popular when it comes to domestic driveways. In this post, you will learn some different stages that are involved in the given application and other similar applications.


block pavingThis is the first stage of the paving process. You need to establish the area for block paving. After this, you have excavate the required depth to fit the blocks. Also, you have to ensure it drains away from the building. Usually, a depth of 250mm is ideal. Ensure the ground is excavated to a slope to allow water to run away and not stagnate on the surface. If you have a drainage system installed, then it should be directed towards that. You may need to hire a skip to remove the material you have excavated.

Edge Restraints

You need edge restraints to frame your block paving. Set up string lines to act as guides to level the kerbs and edge courses. After this, you should lay the kerbs and bricks on a concrete foundation by using a mortar bed and then hammer it gently. You can then install your drainage system and haunch it with concrete for adequate protection.

Laying the Blocks

pavementYou should lay the blocks from the corner of the slope. Follow the required measurements. The good thing with a herringbone pattern is that it offers the strongest interlocking bond. When laying the blocks, there is a need to work from the already paved area and not the one that is yet to be paved. After laying all the blocks, you need to check the alignment. Usually, concrete blocks require re-adjustment because of the drifting.

Finishing and Jointing

Jointing requires spreading the dried sand over the surface and sweeping into the joints. You can do this when compacting the paving. There is a need to be careful. Jointing sand can settle after a few weeks, and you can top it up when required. Besides, you can apply a sealant to minimize staining.…

Tips for Buying a Robot Vacuum Cleaner

robotic vacuum cleaner

Nowadays, there are many models and makes of robot vacuums on the market. They are also available in a wide price range. In addition, they come with different options. For instance, you can find those designed for carpets, hardwoods, tile, and even others have a mop. How can you find the right one for you? Before I bought a Roomba, I wanted to make sure that they worked on thick carpets.

carpet vacuum cleanerBefore you purchase a robot vacuum, you have to determine whether you need it. This means you have to understand your home. For instance, do you have carpet or hardwood? Are your pets shading a lot of hair? How large is your house? Such questions can help you decide whether you should purchase a robotic vacuum cleaner or not. The following are some of the things to consider:

Battery Life

Ensure the battery life of your vacuum matches your house size. Thus, if you have a large home, then your device should have excellent battery life as it needs to cover a lot of areas. On the other hand, if you have a small home, then the battery life will not matter. The good thing about extended battery life is that your vacuum will not lose steam during the cleaning process.

Floor Type

It is vital to choose a robot cleaner that suits your floor type. Although most vacuums on the market can clean both carpet and hardwood floors, you can find some that specialize in certain floor types. For instance, if you have a carpeted floor in your home, you should get a vacuum designed for carpets.


vacuum cleanerYour little companions can be at times become a nuisance. In fact, pet hair can kill vacuum cleaners. Also, it is difficult to clean. Fortunately, some robotic cleaners have unique features that can get rid of pet hair. Ensure you purchase a device that has been made with pet hair in mind. Check whether your cleaner has HEPA filters that suck allergens out.

Size of Vacuum

This is an important consideration. As noted above, these devices are not created equal. You can find some that can get into tight corners and under the sofa, while others cannot.…

Top Types of Gold Trading

Gold trading has been found to attract a lot of investors and traders because of its significance in increasing profit and wealth. The huge demand for gold is a good indication that this is an attractive type of investment.

The last financial meltdown had a great impact on the world. This resulted in a huge decline in confidence of the investors and consumers as economies continued to struggle with unemployment, recession, and declining currencies. This explains why a lot of people started trading in this commodity and now there is columbia california gold rush. The following are different ways you can trade in gold.

Spot Trading

gold trade coinsThis is a type of trading that involves holding a given position on gold and also opposing its position on the currency. In this case, you are trading the inverse price moments of the precious metal. Thus, if you can grab a long position on the metal, then you are holding a short position on the currency and vice versa.

Binary Options

Binary options are also known as fixed odds or digital options trading. This is a type of trading that involves buying and selling a contract of a particular asset to benefit from the price reduction or increase at the time that given contract expires.

Gold Futures and Options

A gold future is meant to indicate a commitment to deliver a particular amount of gold at a particular time, at a particular price. However, the gold options authorize traders to deliver a specific quantity of the precious metal at a specific cost.

Gold Exchange Traded Funds

Nowadays, you can easily trade this particular metal by way of ETFs. You should note that the stock exchange is an important venue where to trade this particular financial instrument. This is a type of investment fund that you can compare to a mutual fund although it is a bit different since it is quite aggressive. Usually, it is comprised of a wide range of financial instruments.

Buying Gold Bars

gold ringPurchasing a gold bar is an important investment that has been practiced for several years by people who can easily afford it. In this case, you have to purchase gold, store it, and then sell it when the price is good. Also, you can use it as collateral to get loans.

Gold Accounts

This is a popular type of gold investment that is commonly practiced in countries such as Switzerland. In this case, you own accounts for gold in banks. In fact, you can buy and sell gold over-the-counter.…